The Toned Toned and Selenium

The Toned Toned and Selenium

The turning (born in between 1800 and 1900) is a way as to change a release by acting directly on the component of silver present in the emulsion of the paper through the use of chemical agents in order to alter the colors of the images in black and white.

There are three main types of viraggio.Il first type it transforms silver crystals making them completely immune to light and weathering. In this category fall the color changes to gold, selenium and sepia. A second type of color change consists in covering the silver crystals, as is the case with blue toning. The third type produces the oxidation of the silver crystals akusewa. By oxidizing the entire surface of the print it will go to avoid that, over time, some areas are likely to deteriorate more or less than others, then standardizing the aging of the picture. In this category fall the color changes of the purple type.

Sepia toning is the most common among the types listed above (and which is dedicated to a different article), but a second color change, the selenium, provides results very interesting and we will describe below.

The benefits of selenium toner are specifically linked to the preservation of the image from the first moment when we extract the paper from the bathrooms. The chemical compound (attention, is toxic) transforms the silver in the photo paper (this type of toning makes maximum when using two kinds of photo paper: paper silver bromide and paper to chlorobromide, both fiber base papers ) selenide silver, a silver component much more resistant to weather and a long list of contaminants that, in time or in the darkroom, may come into contact with the photo paper.

It also allows to obtain blacks and grays more loads without changing the white (this effect is proportional to the amount of silver present in the emulsion of the photographic paper) as well as provides (thanks to the presence of bromide) to the colors present in the image to a cooler color than than it would in a photo does not turn.

Before the color change. The color change is to act in the press, its colors, the emulsion of the photographic paper. In short, the chemical goes to attack in some way the emulsion (we will see later how it works), which means that the press must be perfectly fixed and washed. A washing approximate make printing too vulnerable to chemicals its toning, ruining it.

The development time. Decrease it by 10%. The color change, as mentioned, intensifies blacks, creating the potential for loss of detail in shadows.

We Combine Photos

We Combine Photos

In post processing we will certainly do the collage of photos and then create the final video timelapse. There are several free solutions that will allow the installation, as FFmpeg. For the rest, be patient!

Finally, here is a guide that summarizes some well-made ‘all the points made previously.

White balance

As mentioned, the white balance is a problem because the timelapse could involve more different lighting situations. Certainly not to be positioned in the car but in the manual: the sudden change of balance between two frames would create flicker there any software that can automatically set the white balance to more poses: you could then take the RAW and “edit” the white balance at a later time. However, apart from the need to control the process (different balances depending on the time), it must consider the maximum burst: RAW files, as mentioned before, are heavy and will impact greatly on the speed of the timelapse.

The advice is, once again, to mediate: balanced manually on the white light that will account for most of the time on your photograph. For example, if you begin to shoot at dawn to teminare before dusk, it makes sense to balance white to a light filled. Not being able to balance it but “live” (the dawn) will need or do it by hand or use the sample photos taken in other days like this and time that we are interested.

Move the camera

It ‘s the next level at time lapse static: we can aggiunere a slow movement to the camera which goes to combine with the movement of our subject. There are many commercially automated movement for timelapse, at prices not too exaggerated. In most systems are composed of a track and a cart and a timer that moves the camera in sync with the time timelapse.

The most common solution is to use an ND filter to reduce the amount of light. This, however, will give us discomfort in the case of timelaspe which extend over different periods of the day. In practice it will be necessary to find the best situation, perhaps sacrificing some poses for overexposure and underexposure to other.

This curve shows the relationship finally spectral response with and without the filter of IRCUT D70. The gain in sensitivity is 5 to 656 nm, and 20 nm to 700 (very deep red).

19 Photos of a House That Will Turn Your Head!

19 Photos of a House That Will Turn Your Head!

We homily love to show you splendid luxury homes spread all over the world; However, when we do, you can be assured that it is a project selected and studied in the smallest detail to give you a 360 degree view of what we present.

This home is one of the most interesting that you have ever seen elegant without being kitch or heavy, the home presents so much modernity and functionality that represent the underlying concepts of the DESIGN SPIRITS interior design philosophy, which you will see in Images, they went beyond the concept of home, creating this masterpiece.


This bright and airy entrance hall communicates elegance from all corners marble floors reflect the sunlight passing through the large windows behind the staircase, while the black borders outline the corners of the walls as well as the space.

The design scheme is rather classic, but the personality is added by well-chosen artwork and color accents. Particularly interesting is the work we find hanging on the wall in front of us and the red and gold sketches are repeated further along the entire length of the room.

An envelope ladder

Who would not want a sinuous ladder like this The wide curve develops a modern version of the traditional spiral staircase concept with a minimal and effective structure to increase the light effect.

The light goes down from above, throwing geometric shadows on polished wood steps. Below the raised floor we can see that the recessed LED lighting has been installed to illuminate this corridor when moving overnight.

Incursions and contaminations

Our team has decided to give life to a living space, adding a retro touch to a completely modern setting. Using the same wood used for the staircase, an elegant edging was created around the first floor of the mezzanine, balanced by the under wall covered with slate and chrome panels.

An amazing discovery

As we head to the second floor, something new comes to our eyes this gorgeous Art Nouveau chandelier! As you descend from the highest point of the house, this wonder is hidden from the view while, when you walk into the house it is only visible when you climb the stairs to reach the upper planets.

We confess that what we love in particular is the contrast between the sturdy wooden stairs and this glass cascade, which seems to be wrapped in a warm embrace.

In the kitchen, modern design has been chosen, mainly referring to a wall, while a breakfast shelf is useful to have even more space to cook.

Experts have remained faithful to their contemporary philosophy and for the most part, this kitchen has been designed with classic minimalism. However, the green lime wall and the multicolored lights melt together creating harmony in the eyes of the observer.

How to reuse old clothes

When it comes to tidying up the closet , everyone ends up throwing away pieces or donating, whether they’re spoiled, no longer serving, or out of fashion. However, it is possible to find a solution to these pieces and turn them into original and interesting objects! Reaproveitar fabrics not only gives a new life to clothes, but is also a super ecological technique which prevents waste. The tissues undergo chemical processes to gain a certain color or texture and end up being dumped in landfills, contaminating groundwater and soil. A super conscious way to prevent this situation is to reuse the parts, reducing the amount discarded.

How to reuse old clothes

Coated Hangers

One of the best techniques for reusing old clothes is to cover the hangers with fabric . You can do this with flaps, and even if they are all different patterns and colors, the result will be equally cool! Besides leaving your wardrobe more beautiful and cheerful, the fitted hoods help to hold the clothes you hang because they have anti-slip action!

Bed for the dog

Another super cute technique to avoid wasting used clothes is to make a bed for your dog . If your pet needs a new place to sleep, know that an old T-shirt may be the solution! The result is very delicate and you can choose the pattern and the color of the piece used to match the decoration of the house.


If any room needs a new place to sit, why not bet on a home-made puff ? The pieces are usually super expensive and you can use different methods to decorate any space without throwing money away. The old clothes can be used to make a lining of your own and innovate in the decoration.



How to Make an Egg Mask for Acne

Thanks to the amount of vitamins and minerals that the egg has , it is a natural product that provides multiple benefits to our skin. In turn, the egg yolk is an ideal ingredient to make facial masks intended to treat battered or dry skin, while whites are perfect for countering face imperfections, pimples , acne, blackheads and glow. So for all those people with acne who want to start experimenting with natural products to eliminate them, whites are a perfect option.

Steps to follow:

In order to elaborate your homemade egg mask and fight against acne you will need to gather the following ingredients:

  • 2 eggs
  • The juice of half a lemon

Lemon is another of the most effective natural products to reduce pores and to get rid of pimples on the face, so we could not miss our recipe.

Now that we have the ingredients ready, we will begin by separating the whites from the gems. For our egg mask for acne we will use only the clear, the yolk you can reserve to use in another recipe.

After separating the two parts of the egg, beat the egg whites until they have a frothy texture. Got this, add the lemon juice and continue beating until you mix the two ingredients correctly.

Now is the time to apply the mask to acne. For this, the ideal is to use a flat cut brush, but if you do not have it, you can do it with your fingertips. Start from top to bottom, so first put the mask on the forehead and down the different parts of the face. Be careful not to apply it to the eyes or lips. For containing lemon juice, if you have very dry areas do not cover them with the mask.

After covering your face with the homemade egg mask, you should let it act for 20-30 minutes . You will find that the mixture hardens, so it is important not to put on the sensitive areas of the face, such as the eye contour. After this time, remove it by rinsing your face with warm water.

How to Make Exfoliators for Acne

Each type of skin has its own needs, however, if there is a delicate skin is one that has acne. The pimples cause inflammation, redness, and discomfort, which is why we must be careful with the products we use to not aggravate the problem while trying to contribute the nutrients needed to keep the face beautiful.

And exfoliation is undoubtedly a very beneficial habit for any skin type, especially for those suffering from pimples, so we can use some flattering products to control fat and eliminate dead cells effectively. Do you want to know which alternatives to choose?

Benefits of Exfoliate Skin with Acne

Exfoliation is one of the habits that should be present in our cosmetic routine, performing it at least once a week to eliminate dead cells that accumulate in the skin, offering a more beautiful and luminous appearance.

But in acne skins, this habit is much more important, with outstanding benefits such as:

  • Stimulate the formation of new cells in the skin, which translates into a healthier looking skin.
  • Hide the presence of scars left by acne itself. The process of eliminating dead cells also helps to make the scars less visible.
  • It favors the exit of the pus accumulated in the pimples. In addition, it helps to reduce the presence of blackheads in the skin.
  • If we use suitable ingredients we will also be able to reduce the presence of fat on the face and close the pores, which will make it difficult to form new lesions.

How to exfoliate the face with acne

  • Always wash your face before applying any natural or commercial scrub.
  • With the face preferably moist, apply the scrub by gently rubbing with circular and upward strokes. Never force the product or it will only irritate the skin.
  • It is advisable to use a sponge to rub the exfoliator so that we can achieve a better effect.
  • Remove with cold water to help pores close.
  • Apply the scrub 1 or 2 times a week. It is important not to overdo it to allow regeneration of new skin.

How to Use Kefir for Acne

The Kefir is a fermented drink originated from the Caucasus produced based on goat milk, beef or sheep. It is produced by temporary submersion of kefir grains in some substrate such as milk or water.

Kefir grains are a colony of microorganisms immersed in a matrix composed of proteins and polysaccharides composed of bacteria, and may even contain yeasts. It is considered a functional food because it has probiotic properties and helps in the proper functioning of the intestine, but kefir can be used in several ways.

Benefits of kefir for the skin

Kefir is a wonderful food for the body – both inside and out. Check out the benefits of kefir for the face :

  • It is an excellent ally for the treatment of the skin, helping to rejuvenate it and treating problems related to acne, redness, inflammations, even mycoses, and eczemas. Did you also know that kefir clears the skin? There are many people who use kefir for blemishes on the skin, brightening them, as the substance promotes a true whitening and uniformity of skin tone.
  • The kefir facial mask recovers and balances the pH of the cells present in the skin (by containing lactobacilli and beneficial yeasts). In addition, kefir contains alpha-hydroxide acid, a form of lactic acid that helps in rebalancing the pH of our body, reducing wrinkles and helping to slow down the aging process. Alpha-hydroxide is found in peelings, treatments commonly done in cosmetic clinics and usually have a very salty price. Therefore, you can also choose to use kefir for wrinkles!
  • The compounds of the kefir mask purify the skin of dust and harmful substances, promoting goodness and elasticity.
  • In addition, the kefir facial mask also contains amino acids important for moisturizing and active skin nutrition. These amino acids play the role of antioxidants and do not allow the skin to blush.
  • Lastly, drinking whey from kefir will help you better absorb nutrients, normalize the intestinal microbiota and detoxify the body.
  • It is worth remembering that these masks are suitable for any skin type, but in today’s article we will bring home mascara recipes with kefir to help treat acne.

If you have oily, acne or acne prone skin, kefir can help you both internally and externally. We already know that it helps digestive processes by containing lactobacilli, but the secret is precise that if your gut has accumulated toxins, one of the first signs you will notice is the appearance of pimples and increased oiliness of the skin. To find out what are the benefits of kefir to the body in general, check out also that matter.

Tired of Stubborn Acne? Treat It with Baking Soda


Many ways can be done to overcome the problem of acne. One of them by using the right care products. However, not infrequently various skin care products on the market contain chemicals and may be less suitable to your skin type.

Now it could not hurt to try to switch to using natural ingredients and able to overcome the problem of acne. You can treat acne by using baking soda.

Using this natural ingredient to treat acne is not a new idea. This natural material can neutralize the pH balance on the skin so it can lift excess oil on the skin. In addition, baking soda can also act as an anti-inflammatory on acne.

How to apply baking soda on acne

Baking soda has grains that function as exfoliator and able to clean the dirt with the maximum. In addition, you can mix it with lemon juice. Then, apply it to the face in a circular motion. Rinse and use a moisturizer afterwards.

If you want to quickly get rid of acne, you can make baking soda as a mask. Simply mix two spoons of baking soda with enough water to texture the paste. Then apply on the face of acne and let stand for 15 minutes before rinsing it clean. Finish by applying an anti acne moisturizer to keep your face moist.

Cause of Gaining Weight after Delivery


The presence of the baby is the most awaited by a married couple. But amid happiness is stored anxiety for the mothers. Overweight after childbirth will make the mother to be confused and looking for a quick way to shrink the stomach after giving birth.

Childbirth and having a baby is certainly not an obstacle for women who want an ideal body. The ultimate goal of having an ideal post-partum body is to deal with appearance as well as health. It also maintains harmony with the husband. You definitely do not want it not if your husband glances at other women who are slimmer than you, because your weight up after giving birth?

If you want the ideal postpartum body weight, consider how to lose weight after giving birth below. Before discussing about how to lose weight after giving birth it’s good we know the cause of weight gain after giving birth. Causes of Weight Gain After Childbirth There are several causes of weight gain after childbirth, such as:

1. Less Sports

After giving birth, surely a mother needs recovery time to recover after giving birth. When the recovery is certainly the mother is forbidden to exercise. Because of the lack of exercise, the more fat accumulates in the body. To avoid weight gain during pregnancy, it is advisable to follow the sport for pregnant women. Sports for pregnant women, in addition to reducing fat deposits also maintain the health of the fetus, and reduce pain during childbirth.

2. Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is one of the factors causing postpartum obesity. Breastfeeding makes mothers become often hungry, because the intake of nutrients is not only absorbed by the mother’s body but also for the baby.

3. Often Eat

Pregnant women are advised to meet the nutrients that the baby is in healthy condition. Therefore, many women often eat and consume food in many portions. Plus if a mother is also a hobby of consuming junk food, of course it increases the risk of postpartum obesity.

4. Lack of sleep

Pregnant women who often stay up because they can not sleep, susceptible to weight gain. The average pregnant woman lacks sleep at night because of itching, stiffness or cravings. Due to less rest time, your weight will quickly rise.

What is the Function of the Liver?

Composed of millions of cells, the liver is considered one of the most important organs of the digestive system, since it is mainly responsible for metabolizing and storing nutrients from the body. It weighs around 1,300 to 1,500 grams in man and a little less, about 200 grams in women.

The main functions of the liver are:

  • bile production
  • cholesterol synthesis
  • storage and release of glucose
  • detoxification of the organism
  • transformation of ammonia into urea
  • drug and hormone processing
  • protein metabolism
  • destruction of worn blood cells and bacteria, among others.

Located in the upper right part of the abdomen, it is a vital organ because the human being can not survive without it.

And, despite having an excellent recovery capacity, some diseases can lead to liver failure, leading to death. In these cases, there may be a medical indication for liver transplantation.

The main cause of the need for transplantation is liver cirrhosis, which causes irreversible damage to liver cells.

The disease occurs when the normal anatomy of the organ is replaced by scar tissue, which impairs its function. It can be caused by several reasons: hepatitis B and C, autoimmune hepatitis, alcohol, primary biliary cirrhosis, sclerosing cholangitis, and secondary biliary cirrhosis.

Hepatitis B, for example, is caused by the B virus, known as HBV. When it enters our organism, the virus attacks the cells of the liver, and multiplies, causing the inflammation of the organ.

By being contaminated with blood, saliva, semen and vaginal secretions, the individual can develop acute hepatitis, chronic hepatitis, and fulminant hepatitis – which is the most severe form of the disease and can lead to death quickly.

In turn, hepatitis C is a viral disease, which also causes inflammation of the liver. The problem is that most of the time, there are no symptoms and the patient does not perceive the problem in the body. Its virus, the HCV, can be transmitted mainly by contaminated blood.

Sexual contact, perinatal, mother-to-child, sharing of syringes or instruments in the manicure, pedicure and piercings are also important ways of transmitting the disease.

Therefore, there are several diseases that can cause liver deterioration and lead to the need for transplantation. It is always important to take care of health, have healthy habits and do routine exams to detect possible problems early.